Environmental related disease is disease recognized to be related with environmental factors that are proved by epidemiological investigation. It is caused by water pollution, toxic chemical substances, asbestos, environmental accidents, ambient and indoor air pollution, which are not transmitted by infection. The progress of patients with major environmental related diseases in Korea from 2002 to 2009 is shown in Figure 7-1. The number of patients with an allergic rhinitis is constantly increasing; however, the rate of increase in patients with atopic dermatitis and asthma is slightly decreasing compared to previous year since 2008.
Investigated by age, patients under 10 accounted for the most part of allergic rhinitis (21%) and patients under 4 accounted for the most part of atopic dermatitis (34.5%). In asthma, the patients under 4 accounted for 22.7% and the patients aged between 5 to 9 accounted for 16.4%. The number of patients with asthma aged 65 years or more was ca. 260,000 in 2003 and ca. 350,000 in 2009, The number of elderly patients with asthma is rapidly increasing.
Last modified : 2013-10-29 17:33
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