The Korea Environment Corporation (KECO), as the official host organization of the Seoul Initiative, acts as the Secretariat. The Seoul Initiative on Green Growth is a regional initiative to conduct green technology transfer and environmental cooperation projects with the objective to promote the environmentally sustainable development of developing countries in the Asia-Pacific region. It was initiated at the fifth Ministerial Conference on Environment and Development in Asia and the Pacific in 2005 (MCED-5), which was jointly organized by the Ministry of Environment and UNESCAP in 2005. Korea is seeking to share its experiences and know-how on rapid economic growth and improvement of environment quality with developing countries in the Asia-Pacific region through the Seoul Initiative.
KECO has held the Seoul Initiative Policy Forum annually since 2006, with the participation of public servants from the environmental field from member countries, to discuss measures with a theme of environmentally sustainable growth, and conducts pilot projects each year for three to four countries. A total of 22 pilot programs for 14 countries have been completed by 2013.
To foster specialists to respond to the demand for international environmental cooperation, KECO has offered a program to foster international environmental experts since 2009. By providing education customized for international environmental regulations and policy areas and dispatching some outstanding trainees to international organizations, it has served as a stepping stone for talented people equipped with theory and practical field capacity to advance to international bodies. A total of 328 people completed the training program, and 95 people were sent to international organizations from 2009 to 2014.
The environment science research institutes of Korea, China and Japan, including the National Institute of Environment Research (NIER) in Korea have held Tripartite Presidents Meetings among CRAES, NIES, and NIER annually since 2004 as part of the Tripartite Environment Ministers Meeting among Korea, China and Japan. The three organizations recognize the importance of information sharing and research personnel exchange for research of environmental change in Northeast Asia, and conduct joint research in nine priority cooperation areas (fine dust, dust and sandstorms, solid wastes, water pollution of lakes and marshes, eco-friendly society, chemical management, biodiversity, climate change and environmental emergencies) The NIER is scheduled to hold a joint workshop in 2015.
The NIER engages in tasks related to various international organizations and conventions, including its active participation in the establishment and operation of the Acid Deposition Monitoring Network in East Asia (EANET). It also operates an environmental data center in the Northeast Asian Programme of Environmental Cooperation (NEASPEC). NEASPEC was launched in 1993, and was initiated by Korea through UNEP, and operates programs related to capacity building, information and technology exchange for environmental cooperation in Northeast Asia. NIER was designated as a WHO Collaborating Center for Vulnerable Population and Environmental Health in 2014. In addition, NIER is in charge of designation, registration and management of the verification organizations for domestic carbon trading scheme. Since joining as a regular member in the field of greenhouse gases verification of the Pacific Accreditation Cooperation (PAC) in 2014, it will actively contribute to the establishment of a greenhouse gas-related mutual recognition system among countries in the future.
The NIER conducts joint research and cooperation projects with foreign research organizations. It is actively participating in air pollutants monitoring and modeling projects in collaboration with relevant researchers in China and Japan, via a project concerning Long-range Transboundary Air Pollutants in Northeast Asia, which was started in 1996. The NIER has made exchanges on technical advice, manpower and research data for environmental health research cooperation with the National Institute for Minamata Disease in Japan since 2006, and has held the Korea- China environmental health forum annually since 2012 in collaboration with the Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Science.
The National Institute of Biological Resources (NIBR) has conducted the Overseas Biodiversity Research Project since 2007. With the adoption of the Nagoya Protocol, the importance of international cooperation for the investigation and securement of biological resources of each country has been strengthened. Under such circumstances, the NIBR makes efforts to investigate biodiversity and secure specimens and samples of biological resources in collaboration with countries rich in biological resource and uses this data to trace the origin of life on the Korean Peninsula. Since 2007, research projects have been conducted in 10 countries from East Asia, South America and Africa, and usefulness assessments on 150 specimens based on traditional knowledge are underway for the utilization of secured overseas biological resources, starting in 2014.
The Korea National Park Service (KNPS) engages in cooperative tasks related to various international organizations and conventions. The KNPS formed the Korea Protected Area Forum, a consultative body for the implementation of the Programme of Work on Protected Areas (PoWPA) according to the recommendation of the CBD, and operates the secretariat of the forum. It conducted a Management Effectiveness Evaluation (MEE) on the protected areas and published an MEE result report. With regard to the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), the KNPS carried out a project to change categories of IUCN protected areas and a Green List pilot project. The organization runs the office of UNESCO’s Man and the Biosphere Programme (MAB), which manages the UNESCO-designated Biosphere Reserve.
The KNPS has formed cooperative relationships with national park management organizations overseas and engaged in a variety of exchange programs, including joint workshops, personnel exchanges, uniform assistance and advisory services for developing countries. Starting in 2014, it is offering the Korea National Parks Friendship Program to provide opportunities to experience various projects firsthand and gain the know-how of the KNPS with the national park staff members of developing countries.
The National Institute of Environmental Human Resources Development (EHRD) has offered education programs on the international environment to build the capacity in relevant policy-making for the environmental government officials of developing countries since 2005. As of the end of 2013, a total of 1,183 participants from 71 countries received these training programs to share the environmental policies, technology and experiences of Korea and participating countries. In 2014, annual programs such as the International Training Program on Environment Policy, International Specialized Course on Environmental Technology, Seoul Initiative Leadership Program on Green Growth, International Workshop for Environmental Human Resources Development, and short-term programs that are offered by reflecting the demand of participating countries, including Sustainable Development for Indonesia, Eco-friendly Resource Recycling Policy by Treatment Process (in cooperation with KOICA), and Environmental Statistics for China, will be operated. Moreover, the Korea/China/Japan Tripartite Joint Environment Training Program, which is operated by the three countries in turn, will be held in Korea in 2014.
The Sudokwon Landfill Site Management Corporation (SLC) has been conducting waste management-related cooperative projects with numerous countries, including countries from Southeast Asia, Africa, Latin America, and Australia and Russia. As of August 2014, 19 projects concerning master plan establishment and feasibility assessment are either complete or underway, and three projects related to waste management are in progress. Meanwhile, the number of foreign visitors seeking to benchmark the case of the Korean Seoul Metropolitan Landfill Site has soared from 124 in 2000 to 3,340 in 2013, which indicates that there is a rising demand for international cooperation in the fields of waste management and waste-to-energy. With this increasing demand, SLC plans to expand its official development assistances in the future.
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Last modified : 2017-12-12 08:38
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