Recently, Ministry of Environment has been shifting its policy direction to restrict the generation of food waste and has implemented a volume-based food waste fee system that imposes fees in proportion to the amount of food waste generated. This program has been implemented nationwide by expanding targets to include multi-unit housing starting in 2013.

A volume-based fee system has been implemented for residential waste with an aim to reduce the amount of waste generated and promote recycling since 1994, but recycling products separately discharged and food waste have been excluded from imposing the fees charged in the proportion of the amount of waste generated. However, as the amount of food waste generated has been increasing since the direct landfill of food waste was banned in 2005, people’s living standards have improved, and the number of one- or two-person households now accounts for 48% of the total households, there is an increasing need to reduce the amount of food waste generated. In 2012, the daily generated amount of food waste was about 13,209 tons, which makes up about 27% of the total amount of generated residential waste (48,990 tons/day).

Subsequently, the relevant ministries jointly adopted the “Comprehensive Measures for Food Waste Reduction” in 2010 and are promoting various measures fit for the characteristics of food waste by the stage and source of generation. As part of the implementation measures, the volume-based food waste fee system was implemented.

The volume-based food waste fee system can be implemented by choosing one of three billing systems, such as a designated standard bag system, RFID system, and a chip or sticker system. The standard bag system is one in which a discharger buys a standard plastic bag to dispose of food waste. The fees are collected in proportion to the amount of food waste through the cost of purchasing the bags. The chip or sticker system requires a discharger to buy a payment chip or sticker and attach it to a collection container to be picked up. The RFID system allows the information on a discharge to be checked through an electronic tag, and fees are charged according to the waste volume. Since the RFID system is the most suitable option for the objective of a volume-based fee system, the Ministry of Environment recommends this system.

As of June 2014, 142 out of 145 local governments are participating in the Volume-based Wastes Disposal System. In particular, the system was improved by correcting inconvenient details that appeared from conducting a trial project using an RFID system between 2010 and 2011. Based on these results, the RFID system has been expanding in earnest since 2012.

Implementation Types of Volume-based Food Waste Fee System 

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Last modified : 2016-11-03 22:58

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