The Waste Disposal Certification System, which was introduced in 1999 to track the transportation of hazardous wastes, was a system in which recording and transferring of document and reporting to relevant authorities was performed manually. Thus, it was difficult to achieve its intended goal since the program required excessive amounts of manpower, time and costs to figure out the moving routes of wastes by checking documents.
To resolve this problem, the Allbaro system (Waste Management System), which enables the reporting, confirming and record management on the Internet of the entire process of waste from discharge to final treatment, was introduced in September 2001. Following its trial operation, the system was put into operation in September 2002, serving businesses that discharge large amounts of designated waste and their contracted businesses related to the collection, transportation and treatment of waste.
The Allbaro system digitizes and processes the waste transfer certificates that circulate between waste producers, transport agents, processing agents, and administration, and enables a user to compare and analyze previously compiled agent license information and waste transfer data. A user can trace waste transfers, check waste processing stages and processing results at any time. Government administrators can oversee the entire process of waste management in real time, and ensure that waste is transferred in a legal and transparent manner to prevent illegal disposal.
Since the full-fledged operation of the system in September 2002, it has gradually expanded to cover industrial waste other than designated waste. As of the end of 2013, 340,000 businesses have used this system, and more than 10 million electronic take-over documents are issued annually, which means that about 128 million tons of wastes, accounting for most of the waste generated from nationwide business operations, have been managed by the electronic information system
A lot of waste was left abandoned after failing to be properly treated by waste-related businesses that went bankrupt during the financial crisis in 1998. As of the end of 2011, 3,057,000 tons of abandoned waste was generated from a total of 970 businesses. Among this, about 96%, or 2,937,000 tons of waste, were treated through the polluter pays principle or administrative measures as of the end of 2011, and about 90,000 tons of abandoned waste from 16 businesses across the country remain untreated.
Against this background, on February 8, 1999, the government introduced the Abandoned Waste Performance Bond Guarantee System, which ensures the guarantee of disposal of abandoned waste by allowing waste treating businesses to choose either to join a mutual aide association or to take up a performance bond insurance policy. In the case of joining a mutual aid association, the association takes the responsibility to dispose of abandoned waste through mutual aid projects for its members, while in the case of purchasing the insurance the supervisory authority receives the insurance money to treat abandoned waste.
Since then, the government has made various efforts to improve the effectiveness of the system, including expanding the scope of businesses to be subject to the performance bond system. Recently, the costs for disposal of abandoned waste, which serve as a standard price to calculate the performance bond deposit for abandoned waste, were raised to ensure the efficient implementation of abandoned waste disposal, and the unit prices of for the disposal of different types of abandoned waste, which were revised in October, 2013.
Medical waste requires strict management and safe treatment, as it contains disease-spreading viruses and bacteria that are highly infectious and have a high risk of secondary infections that are difficult to treat. Currently, 148,000 tons of medical wastes are generated yearly (as of 2012), and the amount is expected to continue to grow with the increasing elderly population, which buttresses the need to steadily push for a policy for an efficient safety management related to medical waste.
While the infectious characteristics of medical waste require strict management, their efficient management within a scope that reassures safety must not be disregarded. Thus, it has been necessary to create an efficient management system and alleviate the burden of the discharging party (e.g., hospitals), while reinforcing safety management from discharge to the treatment of medical waste.
To make improvements in such problematic aspects, the government has come to work to upgrade efficiency in the use of containers dedicated to medical waste within a scope that assures safety management, while moving to establish Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) that would ensure real-time computerized monitoring of the discharge, collection, transport, and disposal of medical waste. The RFID-applied tracking of waste became mandatory for the transfer of medical waste in August 2008.
In 2008, an improvement allowed a mixed storage reflecting the properties, source, and charateristics of medical waste so that treatment was facilitated to meet the demand from discharging parties and treatment businesses. In 2010, standards were liberalized to create dedicated containers in various sizes, while legal action was ensured against any person who produced, distributed, or used dedicated containers in an illegal manner. Furthermore, in 2013, the safety management of medical waste was intensified when specific disinfection standards and disinfection equipment for vehicles transferring medical waste were established.
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Last modified : 2017-12-12 08:38
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