The production, import, usage, and export volume and purpose of use of each type of chemical substance distributed in Korea are identified through a chemical distribution survey, and the information obtained is used as basic data for chemical control policies. Originating from a pilot project on chemical distribution surveys in 1996, a total inspection is carried out every four years.
Chemical distribution in 2010 amounted to 432.5 million tons, a 3.5% (14.6 million ton) increase compared to 2006. A comparison of oil imports, manufacturing factory operation rates, and other national statistics on industrial production revealed similar trends.
Pollutant Release and Transfer Registers (PRTR) is a system in which the amount of pollutants that are released into the air, rivers, soil, and other environments from an establishment during the course of handling chemical substances or the amount that moves outside the establishment for purposes of recycling or processing is identified by the emitters themselves and reported to the government, which then collates the information and discloses it to the public. PRTR began in 1999, and results have been announced every year since 2001 when the first results were announced.
Emission rates (emission volume/amount handled) have steadily decreased since PRTR was implemented. In the case of 10 types of Group 1 carcinogens such as benzene and 1,3-butadiene, the amount handled is steadily increasing while emissions are decreasing, clearly highlighting the diminishing trend in emission rates.
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Last modified : 2016-11-03 22:58
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