“Comprehensive Measures for Supplying Clean Water” in 1989 was the first nationwide water quality conservation plan and it has led to today’s “Water Environment Management Master Plan (2006).” The first half of the 1990s focused on counter-measures against major pollution incidents. In fact, the government prepared “Comprehensive Measures for Supplying Clean Water” because tap water pollution was a serious social problem. at that time. The comprehensive measures included the investment to construct sewage water treatment plants (SWTPs) and designation of two important water supply source, Paldang Lake and Daecheong Lake regions, as Special Measure Areas for water quality conservation. Despite such measures, various pollution incidents and water quality deterioration continued to occur at some water supply sources. Although additional measures were implemented, the water quality was not improved.
Therefore, the government completed the “Comprehensive Water Management Plan for the Four Major Rivers” over the course of five years since 1998 after holding a total of 420 debates and public hearings with local residents, civil organizations, experts, and local governments. The plan’s vision was to establish sustainable river basin communities; And it aimed to create rivers with (1) clean water flowing from ridge to reef, (2) vivacious and healthy river basins, (3) decent environments surrounded by beautiful natural scenery, and (4) a society in which river basin communities work together for water quality conservation. Strong and advanced water management policies such as the Total Water Pollution Load Management System (TPLMS), riparian buffer areas system, water use charge system, and resident support system and land purchase system were introduced.
The “Master Plan for Water Environment Management (2006~2015) formulated in 2006 emphasized the ecologically sound water environment and the safety from hazardous substances, which reflected the new people’s demand. The plan aims to improve at least 85% of Korea’s rivers to the “good water” grade or higher, restore 25% of ecologically damaged rivers, and transform 30% of riparian areas in water supply sources into a riverine eco-belt.
Eight tasks are being implemented by the plan: (1) Restoring aquatic ecosystem health; (2) Creating the riverine eco-belt that connects rivers to riparian areas; (3) Expanding the list of specified hazardous water pollutants and implementing a toxicity control system; (4) Introducing risk assessments and biological indices; (5) Developing an integrated estuary management model; (6) Expanding the implementation of TPLMS; (7) Managing nonpoint sources and reducing livestock excreta; and (8) Increasing the sewer system coverage equivalent to that of leading countries.
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Last modified : 2017-12-12 08:38
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