The “Road Map to Achieve National Greenhouse Gas Reduction Goals,” which contains detailed implementation plans to achieve the national greenhouse gas reduction goals set in 2009, was announced in January 2014. This road map was jointly created by associated government ministries including the Ministry of Environment, Ministry of Trade, Industry and Energy, Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport, Ministry of Science, ICT and Future Planning, Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs, and Ministry of Oceans and Fisheries. It contains implementation plans for each sector, implementation measures, and assessment methods from 2014 to 2020, the reduction goal year.
The final road map retained the BAU and reduction goals for each sector announced in July 2011. The BAU of greenhouse gas in the goal year of 2020 is 776 million tons of CO2e, which will be reduced to 543 million CO2e if the reduction goal of 30% is reached.
Reduction rates for the seven major sectors, in decreasing order, are 34.3% in transportation, 26.9% in buildings, 26.7% in power generation, 25.0% in public, 18.5% in industry, 12.3% in waste, and 5.2% in agriculture and fisheries. Although reduction rates in the non-industry sectors of transport and buildings may appear to be relatively high, industry and power generation make up more than 50% in terms of the reduction proportion (proportion of the reduction quantity of each sector relative to the total reduction quantity). Reduction goals for each sector are specified by year, and detailed implementation measures for each are also provided.
Four major implementation strategies were formulated to ensure reduction goals are achieved in an effective manner. The first strategy is to minimize the industrial burden by operating a market-friendly reduction system. Reduction costs will be reduced as much as possible through the emissions trading scheme and energy demand management, and free allocation of emission allowances will be continuously maintained for the petrochemical, cement manufacturing, and other sensitive industries that are highly export-dependent and have relatively high production costs, thereby reducing industrial burden. Technical and financial support will also be provided to small and medium businesses to enhance their reduction capacity.
The second strategy is to use scientific technology and otherwise pursue reduction based on the creative economy. A R&D strategy road map will be created to boost climate change responsiveness in the field of Korean science and technology, and systematic technological development will be pursued accordingly. Furthermore, core technologies will be developed and demonstrated in the fields of CCS and non-CO2 reduction technology, which has high development potential and investment efficiency, and technologies for reduction and energy efficiency in heavily-emitting businesses will be developed and distributed.
The third strategy is to create new jobs and new markets through reduction. This includes training greenhouse gas verifiers and other professional talent for managing greenhouse gases to ensure reliability of emission calculations and reports, and increasing the distribution of new renewable energy facilities, greenhouse gas reduction facilities, and high-efficiency equipment to nurture associated industries.
The fourth strategy is to carry out a daily reduction campaign with the public. This involves everyday campaigns to save cooling and heating energy, use eco-friendly transportation, and reduce standby power, and promoting the “Green Card” and “Carbon Points System” to provide economic incentives for low carbon consumption.
In the industry sector, an increase in heavily power-consuming facilities in the steel, oil refining, petrochemical, and other heavily energy-consuming industries has resulted in a rapidly increasing demand for power. The plan is to achieve a reduction of 81.3 million tons (18.5%) from the 2020 BAU of 439 million tons. Key reduction methods are to replace heavy oil in the oil refining, steel, and petrochemical industries with LNG, breaking down N2O in petrochemicals and recovering SF6 from electronic industries to reduce process emissions, and increasing cogeneration and waste heat recovery facilities.
The transport sector is characterized by a low number of fuel efficiency regulations for motor vehicles, high mileages, and inadequate distribution of biofuels. The plan is to achieve a reduction of 34.18 million tons (34.3%) from the 2020 BAU of 99.58 million tons. Key reduction methods are to reorganize the traffic system with a focus on public transportation, green (eco-friendly) cars, bicycles, walking, and other green traffic, green traffic policies such as increased public transportation, improved fuel efficiency, distribution of green cars, and other green technologies.
The buildings sector has shown a steady increase in greenhouse gas emissions due to people seeking a pleasant atmosphere and convenience in buildings. The plan is to achieve a reduction of 45.01 million tons (26.9%) from the 2020 BAU of 167.63 million tons. Key reduction measures are to enhance energy reduction performance and improve the efficiency of heating and cooling facilities.
Measures such as the public sector greenhouse gas target management system are in force in the public sector, but there appears to be room for additional reduction efforts. The plan is to achieve a reduction of 4.46 million tons (25.0%) from the 2020 BAU of 78.86 million tons. The key reduction measure is to improve the efficiency of heating and cooling facilities, lighting equipment, and office appliances.
The agriculture, forestry, and fisheries sector will manage sowing and livestock emission sources and improve the efficiency of energy use; the waste sector will reduce wastes, recycle, and convert waste into energy; and the power generation sector will improve the power supply mix and increase the distribution of new renewable energy as their key reduction measures.
An evaluation system has also been prepared for the reduction implementation plans of each sector. The implementing institution (government ministry concerned) of each sector will evaluate its own performance, followed by a final inspection by the Office for Government Policy Coordination, the supervising institution, with help from GIR. The results are used to provide feedback for improving the implementation plan.
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Last modified : 2016-11-03 22:58
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