The greenhouse gas and energy target management system is a key measure currently being used to achieve greenhouse gas reduction goals. It targets establishments and businesses that emit large quantities of greenhouse gases or consume large amounts of energy (“controlled businesses”) but are not included in the emissions trading scheme. Each controlled business is assigned to a greenhouse gas reduction and energy savings goal, and its fulfillment is managed by the government.
The target management system has been applied to an increasing scope of targets since it commenced in 2010. From 2014, it will be applicable to businesses with greenhouse gas emissions of 50,000 ton CO2 or more, or an energy consumption of 200TJ or more, and to establishments with greenhouse gas emissions of 15,000 ton CO2 or more, or an energy consumption of 80TJ or more.
When a controlled business reports its previous emissions to the managing institution of each sector, the managing institution sets greenhouse gas emission goals for each industry, which then submit an implementation plan to achieve the goals. In the following year, the controlled business submits a statement specifying its emissions and energy consumption together with an implementation performance report after third-party verification. The statement and implementation performance are confirmed by the managing institution of each sector, then submitted to GIR. Correction notices and other such measures are used to address any business that fails to reach its goals or does not meet measurement, reporting, and verification (MRV) requirements.
As the managing institutions of each sector, the Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs (agriculture, forestry, and livestock), Ministry of Trade, Industry and Energy (industry and power generation), Ministry of Environment (waste), and Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport (buildings and traffic) designate controlled businesses, set goals for each business, and directly manage implementation by each business by checking implementation performance and statements. The Ministry of Environment, as the supervising authority, examines and evaluates the affairs of the managing institution of each sector and prepares comprehensive standards, procedures, and guidelines necessary for system operation. As of 2015, it has designated 24 verification institutions and trained 181 examiners to build a third-party system to verify reduction implementation by each business.
Central administrative agencies, local governments, public institutions, and other parts of the public sector are also subject to the greenhouse gas target management system in addition to industrial sectors. The aim is to encourage private sector participation to reach national greenhouse gas reduction goals based on public sector participation and leadership. The public sector is aiming for a reduction of at least 20% of the baseline emission level (annual average emissions for 2007 to 2009) by 2015. Reduction goals for 2016 onwards will be adjusted appropriately after reviewing the BAU and reduction goals for each sector.
The target management system applies to 778 institutions as of 2013, including central administrative agencies, local governments, public institutions, regional public corporations, national and public universities, national university hospitals, and dental clinics. These institutions are required to carry out target management regarding the buildings and vehicles that they own or use. Some public institutions such as military camps, police and fire vehicles, elementary and middle schools, welfare facilities for the elderly, children, and disabled persons, and small buildings with a floor area of less than 100m2 were exempt for such purposes as national defense, public order, and protection of the right to learn.
The Ministry of Environment subsidizes the Green Rooftop Project to support greenhouse gas reduction activities by local governments. It also offers on-site reduction technology diagnosis and customized consultation to suit the circumstances of each institution by operating a “Public Greenhouse Gas Reduction Technical Support Team” (since 2012) to manage reduction and provide greater support for vulnerable institutions. It is making a variety of efforts to encourage reduction activities in public institutions by organizing the “Public Sector Greenhouse Gas Target Management Performance Report Presentation” to award institutions that have been exceptionally successful in reduction activities, recognize exemplary cases, and gather suggestions.
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Last modified : 2016-11-03 22:58
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