Establishment of an Advanced Management System for Sustainable Land Management
Unification of Environmental Impact Assessment and Procedural Rationalization
The two prior consultation systems whose purposes are same, the environmental review and environmental impact assessment are operated by each legal ground, ｢Framework Act on Environmental Policy｣ and ｢Environmental Impact Assessment Act｣, respectively; thus, they are recognized as two different systems. Duplicated consultation or role division is pointed out to be uncertain; therefore, two systems were suggested to integrate into one system. Accordingly, a bill was established based on service results (2007) for revision of integrated Environmental Impacts Assessment Act, submitted to National Assembly in 2008; finally the Integrated Environmental Impacts Assessment Act was proclaimed on July 21, 2011, started to enforce on July 22, 2012.
Integrated, revised Environmental Impact Assessment Act could keep its consistency in the system by reforming environmental review on administrative plan on the existing Framework Act on Environmental Policy to a strategic environmental assessment and development project for environmental sensitive area to a small scale environmental impact assessment.
Establishment of Qualification for Environmental Impact Evaluator and Registration of Natural Ecosystem Assessment
Environmental Impact Evaluator
The environmental impact assessment is an area which requires a continuous study and development on prediction and assessment technique to minimize the environmental impacts by predicting and analyzing the environment impacts which may be caused in varied development projects and also to scientifically predict the uncertainty of environmental changes in the future. Therefore, the fosterage of outstanding professional labor should be systematically achieved. Especially the strategic assessment included in the prior environmental review in the past required a review focused on the appropriateness of plan and validity of location; unfortunately, however, it has difficulties in comprehensively and professionally reviewing the land space and urban development, land use design or ecological and landscape plans with labors who acquired the national technical qualification only.
Those environmental impact assessment businesses who deputize writing an environmental impact assessment report are mainly composed of technical labors specialized in each area (national technical qualification such as water quality, atmosphere, etc.); thus, there are insufficient approaches to social and economic assessment; in the reality, environmental technicians are only 6 areas compared to the items in the environmental impact assessment are 20 in 6 areas, therefore, it has limitation in comprehensive analysis and review on overall environment including social and economic environments.
Therefore, the needs for the establishment of national qualification (environmental impact evaluator) that can manage and adjust EIA works have been continually asked since 2000 and as a result of this, a case to consider the establishment of new national qualification has been passed through qualification policy council in 2008. Also the amendment of ｢Environmental Impact Assessment Act｣ including a ground for establishing a qualification for environmental impact evaluator passed the National Assembly, became effective from July 22, 2012.
The environmental impact evaluator system is limited to a person who acquired engineer certificate, certain qualification or career and this person is planned to be developed to a professional labor suitable to the status and capability of EIA general manager by properly harmonizing theory and practical work, including environmental policy, national environmental plan, environmental impact assessment system for testing subject and field work.
A qualification examination for environmental impact evaluator is planned to conduct once a year from the completion of implementation preparation in 2013 and is composed of two test: 1st for written examination and 2nd for interview. Those who qualified certain condition may be exempted from some parts in 1st test. A type 1 EIS agency should hire 1 or more impact evaluators; however, required hired period was modified to be applied from the first of January, 2020 by considering supply and demand of evaluator.
Natural ecosystem area
A work related to natural ecosystem requires a long-term and close investigation, continuous observation on organism than other field; however, a proper investigation is not properly performed because of client request and burden of long-time investigation that the current assessment agency has.
To resolve these fundamental problems and to conduct more professional and reliable investigation on ecosystem, a separate professional agent in responsible for investigating ecological environment, which equipped with specialized resources than currently existing EIA agent, was newly established in the enforcement Decree of ｢Environmental Impact Assessment Act｣ revised on July, 2012.
The natural environmental survey business (2 types) is required to hire total 6 personnel, including 2 senior engineer investigators and 4 professional investigators (current agent is composed of two personnel, 1 engineer and 1 assistant); therefore, the professional has improved. In the future, if EIA agent (type 1) outsourcing ecological survey to separate institute, only the natural environmental survey business (2 types) can do the survey, securing the reliability in natural ecological survey.
Expansion of Environmental Impact Assessment Service
Providing Location Information on Mobile
A mobile service system is currently under the construction to improve the satisfaction of national environmental information service which is the purpose of project, "improvement and advancement of Environmental Impacts Assessment Information Support System". An EIA mobile service uses mobile DB system to strengthen the post environmental assessment and ensure internal stability of post management system for EIA by development of mobile information input system such as location information of business site or site pictures. This also allows to manage performances including check of post management statistics in real time manner.
With an establishment of 'smart pad website' and 'mobile based service' of EIA information support system, it enables access to EIA integrated DB to search consultation project around and also utilize information such as related project overview, status of consultation and measurement of environmental quality when site survey is conducted.
Supporting Natural Ecological Survey Service for Site Expected for Development
When the Ministry of Environment reports activities to president (December 27, 2011), the president had pointed out that it is required to seek a way to build ecological databases using an IT in advance for better service; accordingly, an improvement plan for EIA service including the ecological survey on development expected site was established and promoted. Local government and public institutes were asked to fill out a demand survey to investigate the development expected site from January, 2 to January, 10, 2012 and the opinions from experts and related institutions were collected to build ecological database (January, 12, 2012); finally, a final plan was established. A subjected area including industrial or tourist complex creating jobs and great economic effects were preferentially promoted and it is planned to expand the areas annually. In 2012, considering the budget and other conditions, the survey was implemented in 4 projects registered in 2 basic local governments (Anseong-si, Pocheon-si) of metropolitan areas; in the future, it is planned to implement a service in 20 projects by 2013 with a purpose of expansion and implementation for nationwide. The information in 6 different areas including geography, vegetation, animal and plant, bird, etc. is made in a closer map (1/5,000) than current (1/25,000) and they are provided through Environmental Impact Assessment Support System (EIASS) operated by the Korea Environmental Institute (KEI).
In order to vitalize the environmental assessment services, a MOU has entered between 3 parties, a minister of the Ministry of Environment, a governor of Gyeonggi province and a direct of the Korea Chamber of Commerce & Industry (KCCI) on June 27, 2012, held by KCCI. 3 parties have committed to cooperate each other to create good environment for business to improve business competitiveness.
Reinforcement of Support for Promotion of Eco-friendly Development Project
Dissemination of Eco-friendly Plan Technique Development
During a year, 2012, a study related to eco-friendly plan technique has been conducted in varied areas. This study covered various areas from traditional environmental areas including water resources, atmosphere, waste, EIA, etc. to energy, light pollution, etc.
Disclosure of National Environmental Zoning Map
A National Environmental Zoning Map evaluates a variety of national environmental information (65 items) comprehensively and scientifically to divide nation into 5 grades based on environmental value and indicate them with different color, allowing anyone to easily understand environmental factor. Also by inducing and supporting eco-friendly uses of the land, preventing social conflict caused by environmental issues and disclosing map on internet to improve the expected availability of land use for developer, this map is made to prevent any losses followed by the selection of inappropriate location.
Building a Land Environmental Information Integrated System
A system that manages consultation details and history regarding the environmental assessment has been managed by separated into 2 types:「Environmental Impact Assessment Support System, EIASS」(2005) according to the Environmental Impact Assessment Act and 「Prior Environmental Reviews Management System」(2007) according to the Framework Act on Environmental Policy.
The environmental assessment for development project is conducted through 3 phases including prior environmental review, environmental impact assessment and post environmental survey; thus, it has mutual relation but operated separately, the agent for environmental impact assessment or business operator was uncomfortable to check the data.
Accordingly, 2 systems were integrated into "Environmental Impact Assessment Support System (EIASS)", the consultation status and information through a life cycle of EIA has started to be provided since February 1, 2010.
In this system, the transparency has been improved by disclosing information on reviewer of assessment report for project in ongoing EIA negotiation, progress information and details of negotiation. The databases on national natural environment and ecological zoning map are provided, and the system also provides services by connecting related institution system with information such as cultural asset·forest geographic information, land registration map, weather·climate, etc.; this system also is equipped with an additional service for business operator to make a self diagnosis on the availability of location for development project by utilizing above information.
With the integration of the system, basic information related to environmental assessment and various services including statistic confirmation can be provided by one portal, the utilization of service by responsible public official, evaluation agent or business operator has been improved.
Last modified : 2013-10-29 16:14
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