Master Plan for Soil Conservation (2010-2019)
Since the enactment of Soil Environment Conservation Act in 1995, Korea's soil environment conservation policy has made much progress in different areas. Yet, the fragmentary measures focused on ex post facto management implemented in different areas have had only limited effect in efficient prevention of soil contamination and protection of people's health and ecosystems. As it became necessary to go beyond harmony and establish a virtuous circle between environment and economy and establish a systematic plan for a shift toward a policy for soil resources conservation and circulation, a comprehensive plan on soil environment conservation that would present a vision and a direction for the soil environment policy to be implemented for the next decade (2010-2019).
Specific Soil Pollution Management System
The comprehensive definition of Target Facilities for Soil Contamination Management refers to those facilities, devices, buildings, structures, and places that are feared to pollute soil in the process of producing, transporting, storing, handling, and processing soil pollutants, and the system is designed to prevent soil contamination by designating as Target Facilities for Specific Soil Contamination Management those facilities for producing and storing petroleum products (20,000 liters or more) and oil pipelines which are likely to pollute soil. A person who has installed Target Facilities for Specific Soil Contamination Management must regularly conduct Soil Contamination Test (1 to 5 yrs) and Leakage Test (8 yrs), and perform soil purification and facilities improvement where soil contamination exceeds the level of causing concern or, as a result of leakage test, the facility is judged inappropriate.
As a result of implementation of regular and irregular soil contamination tests on 8,326 facilities in 2011, 287 locations (3.4%) exceeded soil contamination level causing concern, while 57(4.7%) out of 1,201 facilities tested for leakage, were judged inappropriate. In the future, a nationwide survey of soil contamination sources will be conducted and archived in the form of computerized database, with which soil contamination is to be prevented through a strict monitoring and institutional improvement. Moreover, Clean Gas Station System that was pushed ahead since 2006 will be extended for expanded designation. Clean Gas Station Designation System is designed to prevent soil contamination as well as financial loss due to purification of polluted soil by creating soil contamination prevention system that installs the facilities for preventing leakage of pollutants such as double wall tank, double piping, and drain and spillover prevention facilities as well as leakage detection system. It was first applied and operated in 2006 at five gas stations as a pilot project, and as from 2011, 413 Clean Gas Stations were designated.
Management of the Environment in Easily Polluted Areas and in Abandoned Metal Mines
As environmental contamination in idle or abandoned metal mines loomed as a social issue, environmental contamination investigation targeting soil and groundwater and mining damage prevention project has been implemented since 1992, and the survey of 936 previously identified abandoned metal mines was completed by 2010. Moreover, a survey of the impact from environmental contamination targeting business operations where mining damage prevention project was completed was implemented, finishing investigation of 101 places by 2011. As to abandoned asbestos mines, formal examination is being pushed for year after year by 2017 in the order of priority based on Medium-and-Long-Term Investigation Plan of February 2011.
Last modified : 2013-10-23 19:18
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