▷ 3. 19 (Tue). Conclusion of business agreement to reduce fine dust in port area
▷ Find and implement cooperation challenges such as expansion of eco-friendly port infrastructure, establishment of monitoring system of fine dust in port, implementation of emergency mitigation measures in port area, etc.
The Ministry of Environment (Minister Cho Myung-rae) and the Ministry of Oceans and Fisheries (Minister Kim Young-chun) signed a business agreement for reducing fine dust in the port area at the Seoul Government Building (Annex Briefing Room) on March 19.
Both Ministries will seamlessly push ahead with key measures such as regulation of the sulfur content of the ship fuel in order to secure "clear air, breathing right" of the residents around the port area, expansion of the eco-friendly infrastructure of the port handling equipment, building of monitoring system for fine dust in port area, implementation of emergency mitigation measures within the port area in the event of high levels of fine dust.
Ports are considered to be the main source of fine dust in Korea due to the fact that they account for 10% of domestic fine dust emission source* with traffic of large-sized diesel vehicles and ship, despite being a key point in the national economy that handles more than 99% of domestic imports and exports.
* Total amount of domestic fine dust emissions as of 2015: 336,066 tons / ship: 32,300 tons
In the meantime, each ministry has promoted countermeasures against the emission of fine dust in the port, but there is a comment that the grasp of the overall emission status of port facilities such as cargo handling equipment is insufficient and integrated management is not done well.
Accordingly, both ministries decided to dramatically reduce the fine dust in the port area by 2022 through promoting comprehensive and effective measures to reduce fine dust in the port area with business agreement.
The Ministry of Oceans and Fisheries will designate emission-controlled sea area* and low-speed sea area** to reduce sulfur oxides and fine dusts. In addition, the Ministry will expand the eco-friendly port infrastructure by installing new electricity supply facilities on land to reduce fine dust in the port, and replacing diesel fuel with Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG).
* Application of criteria on the sulfur content of ship fuel (less than 0.1%) enhanced compared to general sea area
** Application of enhanced speed standards compared to general sea area (49% reduction of fine dust per hour at 20% speed reduction)
The Ministry of Environment will conduct measurement of air quality in the port area with the mobile measurement network until 2020 to analyze the effect of air quality improvement on the construction of eco-friendly vessels and environmentally friendly port infrastructure and continue to manage air quality in the port area by expanding the regular monitoring network of air pollutants. In addition, the Ministry plans to provide priority support for low-pollution measures for old diesel-fueled vehicles that frequently enter and exit the port.
In addition, the two ministries agreed to take additional measures such as prohibiting the entry of old diesel vehicles into the port area and strengthening management of facilities causing scattering dust as countermeasures against high level of fine dust.
The ministries will regularly hold policy meetings after the agreement to check the status of implementation going forward and cooperate with each other in order to reduce of fine dust in the port area.
Kim Young-chun, Minister of Oceans and Fisheries, said, "The signing of a business agreement with the Ministry of Environment is starting point of cooperation between the two ministries in advance of the enactment of the" Special Act on Improvement of Air Quality in the Port Area " (January 1, 2020) "the Ministry will actively collaborate with the Ministry of Environment going forward to reduce more than half of the fine dust in ports such as Busan and Incheon by 2022."
Minister of Environment, Cho Myung-rae, said, "the Ministry will dramatically improve the fine dust of the port area, which has been pointed out as a blind spot with the signing of business agreement with the Ministry of Oceans and Fisheries, I hope that this effort of the government will greatly help improve the quality of life of the residents around the port area."